Recycling PVC Medical Tubing Cuts Greenhouse Gas Emissions by 25% Compared to Incineration

Ecovamed, a company specialised in Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and carbon footprint evaluation of health products, performed the LCA of PVC-based medical tubing in Europe by calculating its cradle-to-grave carbon footprint, based on GHG Protocol standard, for two end-of-life scenarios: Incineration with energy recovery and acid flue gas treatment, and recycling of medical tubing by mechanical grinding in Belgium, with an 80% yield, and production of wall coverings with the recycled material. 

On a cradle-to-grave basis, recycling allows to reduce by 25% the greenhouse gas emissions of a PVC medical tubing on its full life cycle, as compared to the scenario with incineration, corresponding to 2.0 kgCO2eq avoided per kg of tubing.

10 Key Reasons to Choose PVC in Healthcare Applications

Discover 10 key reasons to choose PVC in healthcare applications in our flyer. Printed copies are available upon request. Contact us at

5 Key Reasons Why the DEHP Substitutes Are Safe

The plasticiser industry has invested more than €6 billion in developing safe alternatives to DEHP for medical applications. Yet some stakeholders are questioning the safety of the new plasticisers, which this document seeks to address.

Why Choose PVC for Healthcare: Safe, Cost-Efficient and Circular

In the evolving landscape of healthcare, PVC (polyvinyl chloride) presents itself as a cost-efficient and versatile material. This fact sheet, targeting hospital managers, delves into the reasons behind PVC's extensive use in the healthcare sector, highlighting its functional properties and economic advantages.

The European PVC industry's commitment to innovation, environmental stewardship, and safety is also discussed, alongside its efforts in phasing out harmful additives and promoting recyclability. Detailed insights into the industry's proactive measures, regulatory compliance, and the role of PVC in a circular economy are provided for a comprehensive understanding.

Timeline of European Regulations on DEHP

In the European Union, the regulation of Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is governed by a comprehensive framework encompassing various legislative instruments. These include the REACH Regulation, the RoHS Directive, and the Medical Device Regulation (MDR). Historically, medical devices were granted certain exemptions from DEHP restrictions, but recent legislative developments have initiated significant changes in this area. Get an overview in our updated timeline.

Towards More Sustainable Healthcare: The European PVC Industry's Response to Environmental Concerns

Over the past two decades, the European PVC industry has demonstrated a strong commitment to environmental stewardship, sustainability, and safety. This commitment is deeply rooted in our understanding and acknowledgement of the valid concerns raised by NGOs such as Health Care Without Harm. They urge us to take a hard look at the environmental and health impacts of PVC. This position paper is an opportunity for us to address these key points and affirm our commitment to sustainable practices.

Vinyl in Hospitals Booklet

PVC is not only an excellent choice for medical devices. In this colourful and richly illustrated booklet, you can read about the many ways in which PVC contributes to state-of-the-art hospital interiors. To acquire printed copies, please write

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Where is PVC Used in Hospitals?

The plastic PVC, also known as vinyl, is the most used material for disposable medical devices such as blood bags and oxygen masks, but also a primary choice for hygienic hospital flooring. Discover some of the many applications in the infographic.

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How PVC Personal Protection Equipment Prevents the Spread of Infections

Health workers are on the frontline during virus outbreaks. Personal protective equipment made of PVC and PVC-based medical devices help against the spread of infections.

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5 Reasons Why Plastics Are Essential to Patient and Health Worker Safety

Plastics are everywhere in healthcare – from blood bags over flooring to high-tech equipment for diagnosis and treatment. Discover 5 reasons why PVC and other polymers are essential to the safety of patients and healthcare workers.

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PVCMed Alliance Leaflet

Information leaflet about PVCMed Alliance.

Printed version is also available. Please write for copies.

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Six Reasons Why the Nordic Ecolabelling Should Reconsider Its PVC Policy

PVCMed Alliance comment letter on Nordic Swan Ecolabelled Disposable bags, tubes and accessories for health care 2019.

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When Plastics Revolutionized Healthcare: Medical Devices in a Historical Perspective

Read about why plastics, and PVC in particular, outflanked medical devices made of metal, glass and ceramics in the middle of the 20th century.

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DEHP in Medical Devices: Risks Still Unclear After Decades of EU Scientific Scrutiny

Are medical devices containing DEHP-plasticized PVC or other plasticizers safe for neonates and other groups possibly at risk? That is the key question which authorities have sought to answer for the last several decades. This article compares the three opinions – the latest in 2015 – by the EU scientific committees. The bottom line: medical devices containing DEHP save lives and should therefore not be avoided. However, phthalate exposure should be reduced as much as possible.

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Critical review of the study “PVCFreeBloodBag - Life Cycle Assessment”

Review of the 2017 PVCFreeBloodBag LCA. The review was conducted by Manchester University.

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Critical review of the study "Life Cycle Assessment, LCA, study of PVC blood bag”

Review of the 2012 PVCFreeBloodBag LCA. The review was conducted by Manchester University.

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Understanding the Basics: How Acid Gases from PVC Energy Recovery are Neutralized

Recycling of PVC benefits environment and economy, and through the VinylPlus program recycling rates are increasing year after year. The EU Waste Hierarchy favors incineration over landfilling. Thus, non-recyclable PVC waste should be incinerated with energy recovery. Like all other wastes containing chlorine, e.g. salty foods, PVC generates the acid gas hydrogen chloride (HCl) when combusted in municipal waste incinerators. Yet in modern incineration plants, flue gas cleaning technologies ensure that HCl is neutralized and not emitted into the atmosphere.

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Understanding the Basics: How Regulation and Industry Innovation Have Eliminated Dioxin Emissions from PVC Production and Waste Incineration

In a recent scientific study carried out under the direction of professor Alfons Buekens, over 200 studies on PVC and dioxins in combustion and fires are re- viewed. The overall conclusion is that PVC does not represent a problem in modern municipal solid waste incinerators. Likewise, the European PVC industry accounts for negligible 0.1 % of the total dioxins emitted by human activities. The only remaining issue related to PVC and dioxins is uncontrolled burning of waste, a practice that should be eliminated anyway for reasons unrelated to PVC.

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